Le kata appréciatif pour progresser

Voici un article que j’ai écrit pour Revue RH, volume 22, numéro 1, janvier/février/mars 2019.

Pour continuer de progresser dans votre carrière de CRHA, avez-vous pensé au kata appréciatif?

Le kata appréciatif est une approche inspirée du kata d’amélioration proposé par Mike Rother, tirée de la philosophie du lean management. Quant à l’élément appréciatif, il est issu de l’approche enquête appréciative (AEA). Suite à mon parcours, je constate que l’utilisation jumelée de ces deux domaines d’expertise a un pouvoir optimal pour insuffler de la vitalité dans les systèmes et chez les individus.

Le kata appréciatif, composé de quatre routines constituées de questions puissantes, donne du sens, permet de formuler des aspirations profondes basées sur les forces actuelles et propose une mise en action concrète menant à l’acquisition de nouvelles compétences par l’expérimentation.

Créer du sens et se projeter dans un futur désiré

Par des questions appréciatives, l’intention est de permettre à la personne de se créer une image mentale forte, et la plus détaillée possible, de la direction vers laquelle elle souhaite aller, de ce à quoi elle aspire dans un futur idéal.

Les questions suivantes sont des exemples typiques d’un accompagnement vers un futur désiré :

  • Lorsque tu te projettes dans le futur, quelle est la plus belle vision que tu as de toi-même, et qui sont tes principaux collaborateurs?
  • Quelles sont les tâches qui t’apportent le plus d’énergie?
  • De quelles compétences crois-tu avoir besoin pour atteindre cet idéal?
  • Quels sont les indicateurs qui te permettront de dire que tu as atteint ton objectif?

Découvrir une perspective à 360 degrés de sa propre réalité

Par cette deuxième routine, le professionnel est appelé à donner des exemples réels et documentés de sa situation. Il peut s’agir de résultats probants obtenus à la suite de projets réalisés dans un passé récent, d’une évaluation annuelle, de courriels de félicita tions ou de commentaires sur son travail, d’un questionnaire sur les forces.

Un processus réflectif stimulé par des questions appréciatives est activé pour découvrir la personne dans toute sa complexité et sa réalité :

  • Qu’est-ce qui t’apporte joie et vitalité durant tes journées?
  • Qu’est-ce que tes collègues te reconnaissent comme forces distinctives?
  • Comment décrirais-tu ton environnement?
  • Par quel type de personne as-tu besoin d’être entouré pour être meilleur?

En prenant conscience de ses forces, le professionnel pourra les utiliser comme tremplin pour aller plus loin.

Déploiement, ou le plus petit pas possible (PPPP)

La routine de la mise en action permet de faire le plus petit pas possible en direction de l’objectif établi. Voici deux exemples de questions pour amorcer le mouvement :

  • Que penses-tu pouvoir mettre en action dès maintenant?
  • Qui peux-tu solliciter pour t’aider à atteindre ta prochaine cible?

Les avantages acquis à cette étape sont très encourageants pour le professionnel qui célèbre plusieurs petites victoires, des succès le menant vers la réalisation de son futur rêvé. Il est important, comme dans tout processus, de souligner les réalisations du « coaché » qui le rapprochent de son objectif professionnel.

Design, ou routine d’expérimentation

Routine dynamique et stimulante, le design est le terrain de jeu pour expérimenter de nouvelles possibilités :

  • Quelles opportunités vois-tu?
  • Y a-t-il un projet que tu pourrais entreprendre pour développer cette compétence dans l’action?
  • Quelles forces possèdes-tu déjà qui pourraient te servir de base solide pour développer une nouvelle compétence?

Plus on est créatif et audacieux, plus le développement sera rapide et ancré. Plusieurs boucles peuvent être nécessaires pour atteindre, par étape, les différents jalons de maîtrise d’une compétence. Un accompagnement de type coaching dans cette réflexion est un soutien pertinent et générateur d’énergie constructive pour se développer davantage (plutôt que de rester dans le traumatisme de ce qui pourrait être perçu comme un échec). Exemples de questions :

  • Que souhaitais-tu réaliser? Que s’est-il passé?
  • Qu’as-tu appris de cette expérimentation?
  • Que ferais-tu différemment, en tenant compte de cette expérience?

L’utilisation du kata appréciatif dans l’accompagnement au développement de compétences amène une énergie décuplée, un esprit créatif permettant de trouver plusieurs façons nouvelles de se développer et de l’engagement chez le professionnel. La joie d’avancer dans le succès est transformatrice.

Source : Revue RH, volume 22, numéro 1, janvier/février/mars 2019.

Domains:
Segments: entrepreneurship | |
Methodologies and tools:

DES IDÉES CONCRÈTES POUR CRÉER UNE ORGANISATION HORIZONTALE

Voici une copie du blogue du Congrès RH 2018 par l’Ordre des conseillers ressources humaines agrées (CRHA).

Qu’on parle de l’entreprise « libérée », « vivante » ou « autogérée », la tendance à viser des organisations moins ancrées dans un modèle hiérarchique est dans l’air du temps. Seulement, au-delà de l’idée, comment les CRHA peuvent-ils insuffler à l’organisation un état d’esprit plus « horizontal » ?

C’est la question qui sera au cœur d’un atelier-conférence donné le 24 octobre prochain par Lucie Marcoux, CRHA, consultante en gestion des compétences, et Samantha Slade, auteure et codirectrice de Percolab, dans le cadre du Congrès RH 2018.

Du principe à l’action

Samantha Slade aime comparer l’organisation au fonctionnement vertical à un rapport « parent-enfant ». « Quand un enfant se fait mal, il se tourne vers l’autorité parentale, dit-elle. Dans un mode de fonctionnement horizontal, on considère plutôt les employés comme une communauté d’adultes qui sont responsables et aptes à prendre des décisions. »

Dans le cadre de ses activités de consultation, Mme Slade a eu l’occasion de collaborer étroitement avec de nombreuses organisations, autant en Europe qu’en Amérique du Nord. De ces échanges avec des professionnels RH d’un peu partout, elle retient une chose : « Il y a un réel intérêt de la part des gens pour tout ce qui concerne le fonctionnement horizontal. Là où ça bloque, c’est qu’on a du mal à mettre en pratique ces idées dans l’entreprise. Les gens lisent beaucoup de livres, ça les inspire…, mais ils ne savent pas ce qu’ils pourraient faire lundi matin ! »

C’est dans cette optique que Samantha Slade a commencé à identifier des gestes concrets, des actions pour tendre vers l’horizontalité. C’est ce qu’elle a nommé les « 7 domaines de pratique », des principes qu’elle décrit dans son livre Going Horizontal – Creating a Non-hierarchical Organization, One Practice at a Time.

« Ces 7 domaines de pratique, explique-t-elle, ce sont les premiers pas accessibles aux organisations. Le premier domaine est l’autonomie, qui est tout de même le résultat d’une vision des employés : on les considère comme des humains capables de prendre des décisions… »

Le rôle du CRHA dans l’organisation horizontale

Selon Samantha Slade, les professionnels RH ont un rôle prépondérant à jouer dans un contexte où les organisations visent plus d’horizontalité dans leur fonctionnement.

« Par exemple, dit-elle, en ce qui concerne les relations entre les employés et la gestion des conflits : dans une organisation verticale, l’employé qui vit une problématique avec un collègue aura le réflexe d’aller voir son supérieur. Dans un fonctionnement horizontal, il faut créer un contexte où les employés pourront se considérer comme compétents et aptes à régler eux-mêmes leurs conflits. »

Déjà, insuffler au sein de ses équipes cette nouvelle façon de penser, c’est tout un défi !

« On verra ce que signifie concrètement l’horizontalité dans leurs pratiques RH, conclut Samantha Slade, qu’il s’agisse de la formation, des descriptions de postes, des systèmes de rémunération, etc. »

L’atelier-conférence du 24 octobre, Samantha Slade et Lucie Marcoux inviteront donc les participants à réfléchir aux enjeux propres à leur réalité.

Domains:

Segments: entrepreneurship | |
| |
Methodologies and tools:

Going Horizontal: How do you really want to work?

Curiosity and excitement about horizontal organizations coexist with concerns and cynicism. Most of today’s work force is disengaged and the current ways of working won’t be able to take us into our future. Even if we know all this, we still struggle to figure out what to do come Monday morning.

What if we stepped back to reexamine how we really want to be working?

For over 10 years I have been using our company, Percolab, as a lab of  how an organization can function. With clients, colleagues and international friends, we try things out and sense make, in a never ending learning process. In 2016 I began offering workshops on the topic: Demystifying Self-Management. They helped people connect with the notion and explore some basic elements. In 2017, at SXSW in the USA, with Edwin Jansen, we gave a panel on Growing a Company without Bosses. It was a provocation and we were stunned by the response.

Weeks later I signed a book contract with my favorite publisher, Berrett-Koehler: Going Horizontal: Creating a Non-hierarchical Organization, One Practice at a Time. It is a practical book. It builds on the fabulous work in the field of new ways of working, such as Frederic Laloux’s Reinventing Organizations. Going Horizontal is all about the practice. It offers seven domains of practice to help anchor new habits and mindset as they develop. But Going Horizontal is more than a book, it is also a community and a series of practical trainings.

A conversation on the Future of Organizations with Frederic Laloux at the annual conference of the Quebec society of HR professionals

Who shows up at a Going Horizontal training?

In Antwerp, Belgium, six countries were in the room. Some people had specific questions while others wanted to make sense of their own experimentations. In Quebec City, Canada, workers from a pulp and paper factory joined Lawyers without Borders, an IT professional (recovering from a less than satisfactory foray into self-management), and consultants and students. Going Horizontal connects across domains and job titles.

A deep dive in Spain

The next stop is in Spain the 11-14th October, 2018 for a four day residential training in a castle in the middle of a 200 hectare forest outside of Barcelona. Beyond the enchanting venue, will be a unique learning experience. This training is offered by a powerful international team:

  • Dr. Salvador García, professor in Personal Development, Entrepreneurship and Social Innovation at the University of Barcelona,  Founder of Imagine Lab, Author of “Management by Values” and “Values Intelligence” and one of the top business speakers in Spain.
  • Carolina Escobar Mejía, Agile coach and Founder of the horizontal organization Somos Mas
  • Phoebe Tickell, Learning innovator and Social entrepreneur with Enspiral NZ & Schumacher College UK.
  • Nil Roda-Naccari Noguera from Percolab Spain and yours truly from Percolab Quebec

The day to day challenges of participants will be the basis of the program. The seven domains of practice of the Going Horizontal framework will help to grow our strengths and overcome our blind spots. Together we are exploring the new rich and yet unexplored territory of all that Going Horizontal can be.  Via each training the community grows as participants can become champions of horizontal practices in their local context.

If this speaks to you, please join us in Spain! If you know someone who should be there, please let them know.

Either way you can pre-order the book Going Horizontal now via Amazon.

If you would like to collaborate to offer a Going Horizontal training or virtual book club in your area, please contact info@percolab.com

Domains:


Segments: entrepreneurship | |
| |
| | | | | | | | | | | | |
Methodologies and tools:

| | | | | |

The future is in business as commons | Samantha Slade | TEDxGeneva

The future is in business as commons. In a world where business models are changing and even the traditional notion of work has lost its fit with current paradigms, Samantha Slade an innovator and pioneer in organizational and business models will present a new organization mindset focused on compensation as conversation, co-governance and sharing and collaboration.

Samantha is driven by the transition to future paradigms. With a background in anthropology, she pioneers novel organizational models and practices. Ten years ago she co-founded two businesses – Percolab, an international co-creation and co-design company and Ecto a co-working cooperative in her home city Montreal, Canada. Samantha works with governments, startups, and professional associations and foundations to tackle their complex challenges. She also co-creates commons-based collective impact initiatives and platforms. Engaged in the commons and social innovation movements, Samantha is currently writing a book – Going Horizontal – Creating a Non-hierarchical Organization, One Practice at a Time (to be released in October 2018 with Berrett-Koehler Publishers). Samantha believes that organizations can be a microcosm of the world we want to live in.

Domains:



Segments: entrepreneurship | |
| |
| | | | | | | | | | | | |
| |
Methodologies and tools:

| | | | | |

Pulling on the self-managing thread: The Regitex experience

Lisa Fecteau

On a sunny Wednesday afternoon in October, we sat down with Lisa Fecteau, founder and owner of Regitex, to ask a few questions about her company’s approach to self-management. As we settled into her cozy kitchen with a cup of tea, she was curious about Percolab and why we wanted to interview her. We shared that Percolab has been self-managed since it’s inception, and as we are continually growing, we’ve made our practices and structures more explicit. We even train other organizations as they make the shift to self-management. We are always hungry to learn from other self-managed organizations, especially in other sectors. Regitex is just about as different as it gets from Percolab.

Lisa founded Regitex with her brother in 1998. Regitex manufactures yarns used in the production of protective garments (think firefighter’s uniforms), technical yarns for medical purposes (think bandages), and high-tech yarns used for a range of other purposes (like hosiery). Regitex does straight-up industrial production: raw materials come into the factory, machines are used to transform them, finished products come out of the factory, and then shipped all around the world.

When I think of this kind of industrial structure I think of foremen and plant managers. I think of a boss and the boss’ boss and of the boss’ boss’ boss. My imagination might even conjure a cigar-puffing owner living on a yacht somewhere far away: totally disengaged with the people who work for him and totally engaged with the profits they generate.

I seem to have a very narrow and staid (maybe even stale) view of what it means to run a factory. And Lisa Fecteau, with her unassuming manner, was turning that view on its head.

Regitex’s move to self-management did not happen in a burst of inspiration. It was a long, slow progression of small steps that carved out a self-managing path for the organization’s functioning. In the intervening years between the company’s founding and shift to self-management, Lisa bought out her brother’s shares in the company (thus becoming sole owner) and the company made the move from manufacturing yarn for fashion and furniture (its first market) to the protective textile focus it has now. As the manufacturing capacity and number of employees grew, Lisa decided to connect with her employees directly. For a period of 2.5 years she did rounds of interviews every 6 months. Sitting down with teams, and sometimes individuals, Lisa would ask questions so she could learn about their perception of the company. Sometime after the 5th round of interviews she realized that she had heard enough about the dissatisfaction and issues that were arising, and that nothing had significantly changed between round 1 and round 5 of interviews.

She had no idea what to do but decided she would just sit with it for a while

It all started to unblock with the need to hire a new Director of Production. After a long and unsatisfactory search for the right person, Regitex’s Director of Human Resources presented Lisa with an interesting alternative: what if instead of hiring a single director of production they created a Production Team comprised of existing employees who carried production know-how because of their work within the company.

Within a short time it became apparent that the team approach was more efficient and led to better decision-making because the Production Team had direct access to the information they needed to run things smoothly. Lisa and her HR director started experimenting with creating more of a team-based approach within the company to see how this would work out. The enthusiasm for self-managing practices was spreading across the company.

So Lisa left.

I didn’t expect that turn in the story. Lisa explained that had been sensing that she was still too much at the centre of the company and that instead of gently propelling it along towards self-management, her presence was holding them back. She completely withdrew from all operations and administration and didn’t set foot in the factory for months. “It was painful,” she confides, “I felt like I wasn’t needed anymore.”

Upon her return they decided to abolish all titles and job descriptions, including those in upper management, and move to a role-based system. They determined which were the functions that needed to happen for the organization to run smoothly, and then invited employees to self-nominate for the roles they found interesting. The roles were adapted to the logistical challenges of a company that works with day, evening, and night shifts, and the obligations outlined in their collective labour agreement.

Because, yes, Regitex is a unionized workplace.

While we were surprised and intrigued by this information, Lisa seemed unfazed about our union-related questions. For her, a key element to self-management is about trusting people’s common sense and ability to make thoughtful decisions – if you just give them enough space. In recent months, Regitex had a couple of grievances filed against them – not by internal employees, but by the union’s syndicate head office. At a formal meeting between herself, Regitex’s internal union reps and the syndicate’s official representatives, the grievances were quickly withdrawn when the Regitex employees made it clear that they had complete decision-making authority over their working conditions.

As a new collective agreement is in the works for early 2018, a strategic planning committee has been created to ensure that both Regitex’s interests and its employees’ needs are reflected in the next contract. Participation in the committee is voluntary (like everything else at Regitex) and those who have stepped forward to steer it also happen to be the company’s internal union reps. Which, in essence, means that the company’s administration has entrusted its unionized employees to make key decisions that directly impact the company and that unionized employees are considering the company interests and well-being while planning its side of the collective agreement.

As the daughter of a unionized blue collar worker, this reality is worlds away from the divisive power struggles and politicking I imagine when I think of contract agreements between unionized employees and the boss’ boss’ boss. I remember my Dad white-knuckling it through collective agreement processes in the 80’s that did not for a moment consider the interconnectedness of either the employees’ or employer’s ecosystems.

So what’s next for self-management at Regitex? They are investing in internal training for more employees to learn how to coach each other, improving the communications and other organizing systems, and exploring how profit-sharing could be done in a clear and equitable way. For Lisa, her personal next steps involve connecting with what is quickly becoming an international movement around self-management (Percolab’s own Samantha Slade is writing a book on the topic) to share Regitex’s experience.

When asked if she has a nugget of wisdom to share with us about her experience with Regitex, Lisa responds without hesitation: If you want to shift to self-management do less, not more. Don’t try to create all kinds of new initiatives. Pull back for a while, observe, watch, create space, and leave this space open for newness to emerge. That’s when stuff starts to happen.

Domains:




Segments: entrepreneurship | |
| |
| | | | | | | | | | | | |
| |
| | |
Methodologies and tools:

| | | | | |


What is the pay system you dream of? Beyond the taboo of money

As an employee for 16 years, I was thankful for my regular pay checks. I never really gave a thought to how I would dream of being paid.  In 2007, I co-founded my own company and I was faced with the freedom and possibility of all that compensation could potentially be. A journey began.

At the start, submerged in the business of starting a business, my associate and I agreed on a model that was a cinch to administrate, though somewhat naive: equal salary. No need to waste time tallying up who is bringing in more business or debating who has more value. All company earnings go into a collective « pot » and equal pay comes out, irrelevant of what each person put in. A bit idealistic you might say? Yes. The model requires similar work experience, similar weekly work hours and similar vacation time. And of course it also requires sufficient revenues for all.

As the company grew, we realized we wanted to offer freedom and possibility for people to create the working rhythm and pace that suits their needs and desires. We didn’t want to systematize any obligations, giving preference to diversity and modularity. This meant that we needed to move on to a different compensation model.

Initially, we were attracted to an algorithm based compensation model. We were inspired by Buffer’s approach. They even have a transparent salary calculator whereby you can find out how much you would make if you worked there.   What were the variables that could help us establish our own contextualized formula?

After a bit of in house exploration we crafted a proposal for the team with our percolab variables as complexity of the work, experience and risk. We held a team workshop and each of us plugged in numbers to try to see if the formula would work for us. Major flop! The process revealed that working abstractly with numbers caused us to create a collective salary budget much higher than the funds available. We were operating from a dream scenario rather than reality. This is when it started becoming clear that the path to fair and equitable pay required the whole team to understand money flows of our company.

But how could we do this? The regular salary model offers stability and regularity of bi-monthly pay checks of fixed amounts as well as benefits. We generally have little influence or involvement in this approach as it is directly linked to an organisation’s budget and pay scale.  The freelancer model offers flexibility and autonomy around our earnings as we are responsible for negotiating our own contractual agreements. The latter model usually comes with extra administrative burden and stress to be able to ensure regular and sufficient pay. Was there a way to blend the advantages of these models together?

Things were becoming clearer. Not only did we want self-set salaries but we also wanted to allow for variance from month to month in the amount each person was earning or wanted to work. As simple as that, we broke free from our fixed salaries and stepped into a negotiated agreements model that we also call variable self-determined salaries.  In so doing, we each gained control over our earnings, began benefiting from a shared administrative system and were better able to leverage the collective work opportunities amongst ourselves to help ensure regular and sufficient pay for all.

Our percolab model goes like this.

  1. Each project has a project lead and project budget parameters (projects can be client based and others not)
  2. A fixed percentage of the project goes to the company  to cover our collective services  (our beautiful office, insurances, web services, resources, business development, accounting, work tools etc.) and development.
  3. Together, the project team (anyone in the team) discusses and makes financial agreements based the project honorarium budget, with full transparency. We strive for a feeling of fairness and there is freedom in how agreements are made
  4. Administration of the compensation model is carried out in a distributed, collective way.  Percolab team members keep track of their agreements with standardized tools and are responsible for their own data entry into the online book keeping system (WaveApps). The project lead takes care of all agreements, invoicing and billing with external contractors, clients and suppliers.
  5. Any challenges with a project that have consequences on the budget are managed within the project with the team and do not overflow onto the company.

Each month any percolab member is involved in multiple projects (as lead, team member or business development).  Therefore your salary is the sum of the work you accomplished that month in each project as per your agreements.

For the system to work, everyone needs to make explicit their work availability and skills they can offer or wish to develop within projects.

Suddenly it was if each person was injected with more space, freedom and creativity to sculpt their ideal professional world. A new service went from idea to reality and the team was stepping up to greater challenges  than ever before. Having control over ones earnings reveals itself as a key lever for empowerment and leadership. Services and business development grew. With hindsight it seems evident that for people to be in their full potential having control over their pay is a key condition.  

Underlying principles

  1. Engagement is commiserate with our power to self-determine our own salary and expenses. Each person is responsible for the salary they want to earn.
  2. Practicing conversations around value helps us to better own our own value.
  3. Our relationship with money is not a taboo, but a skill that can be developed.

Impact

This flexible compensation model has supported us getting beyond our assumptions and fears around pay. It helps us get to deeper conversations around value and to work with money without it being the finality. The potential of a team is strengthened through this compensation as practice approach. More specifically:

  1. Individual: We are all even more responsible and engaged. Each person is finding her own balance with how much she wants to be working, earning, learning, playing and making their personal projects come to action. We are each developing skills around money, business and value.
  2. Teams: More solidarity, mutual support and good spirit.
  3. Organization: More initiatives and entrepreneurship and more revenues.

Lessons

1. A compensation model is meant to be energizing a team forward – if that is no longer the case, then try out a different model. It’s as easy as that.

2. A compensation model can be flexible and self-managing

3. A flexible negotiated compensation model can be an enormous driver of individual, team and organisational development.

If you want to know more about this model and the tools that support its functioning, contact Samantha Slade sam@percolab.com

Domains:





Segments: entrepreneurship | |
| |
| | | | | | | | | | | | |
| |
| | |
| |
Methodologies and tools:

| | | | | |


|